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Folke Bernadotte - Wikipedia. Folke Bernadotte, Count of Wisborg (Swedish: Greve af Wisborg; 2 January 1. During World War II he negotiated the release of about 3. German concentration camps including 4. Danish Jews from the Theresienstadt camp.
THOMAS WOODROW WILSON, twenty-eighth president of the United States, is the only chief executive who has given scholarly attention to.
They were released on 1. April 1. 94. 5. He was assassinated in Jerusalem in 1. Zionist group Lehi while pursuing his official duties. Upon his death, Ralph Bunche took up his work at the UN, but was removed from the post around six months after Bernadotte was assassinated, at the critical period of recognition of the fledgling state. Early life. He was the son of Count Oscar Bernadotte of Wisborg (formerly Prince Oscar of Sweden, Duke of Gotland) and his wife Ebba Munck af Fulkila. His grandfather was King Oscar II of Sweden. Bernadotte attended school in Stockholm, after which he entered training to become a cavalryofficer at the Royal Military Academy.
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He took the officer's exam in 1. Bernadotte represented Sweden in 1. Chicago Century of Progress Exposition, and later served as Swedish commissioner general at the New York World's Fair in 1. Bernadotte had long been involved with the Swedish Boy Scouts (Sveriges Scoutf. At the outbreak of World War II, Bernadotte worked to integrate the scouts into Sweden's defense plan, training them in anti- aircraft work and as medical assistants.
Bernadotte was appointed vice chairman of the Swedish Red Cross in 1. He also led several rescue missions in Germany for the Red Cross. During the autumns of 1.
Germany via Sweden. In April 1. 94. 5, Heinrich Himmler asked Bernadotte to convey a peace proposal to Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Harry S. Truman without the knowledge of Adolf Hitler. The main point of the proposal was that Germany would only surrender to the Western Allies (the United Kingdom and the United States), but would be allowed to continue resisting the Soviet Union. According to Bernadotte, he told Himmler that the proposal had no chance of acceptance, but nevertheless he passed it on to the Swedish government and the Western Allies.
It had no lasting effect. Bernadotte had originally been assigned to retrieve Norwegian and Danish POWs in Germany. He returned on 1 May 1. Hitler's death. Following an interview, the Swedish newspaper Svenska Dagbladet wrote that Bernadotte succeeded in rescuing 1. German concentration camps, including about 8. Danes and Norwegians and 7.
French, Polish, Czech, British, American, Argentinian, and Chinese nationalities. The missions took around two months, and exposed the Swedish Red Cross staff to significant danger, both due to political difficulties and by taking them through areas under Allied bombing. The mission became known for its buses, painted entirely white except for the Red Cross emblem on the side, so that they would not be mistaken for military targets. In total it included 3. Germany. A count of 2.
Danes and Norwegians, 5,9. Poles, 2,6. 29 French, 1,6. Jews, and 1,1. 24 Germans. After Germany's surrender, the White Buses mission continued in May and June and about 1. Bernadotte recounted the White Buses mission in his book The End.
My Humanitarian Negotiations in Germany in 1. Their Political Consequences, published on June 1. Swedish. In the book, Bernadotte recounts his negotiations with Himmler and others, and his experience at the Ravensbr. One aspect involved a long- standing feud between Bernadotte and Himmler's personal masseur, Felix Kersten, who had played some role in facilitating Bernadotte's access to Himmler. Kersten was quoted as saying, according to Himmler, Bernadotte was opposed to the rescue of Jews and understood . At the time of his article, Kersten had just been nominated by the Dutch government for the Nobel Peace Prize for thwarting a Nazi plan to deport the entire Dutch population, based primarily on Kersten's own claims to this effect. This was necessitated by the immediate violence that followed the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine and the subsequent unilateral Israeli Declaration of Independence.
In this capacity, he succeeded in achieving an initial truce during the subsequent 1. Arab. The specific proposals showed the influence of the previously responsible British government, and to a lesser extent the U. S. He presented the following suggestions to discuss. Bunche made a major effort to imbue it with his own thinking about the appropriate political solution.
He was influenced by the ideas of Dr. Judah Magnes and incorporated them into the plan, chiefly in its basic scheme, which called for a confederation in Palestine rather than a Jewish state and an Arab state. This proposal was completed on 1. September 1. 94. 8, and had as its basis seven .
The majority of these refugees have come from territory which .. The exodus of Palestinian Arabs resulted from panic created by fighting in their communities, by rumours concerning real or alleged acts of terrorism, or expulsion. It would be an offence against the principles of elemental justice if these innocent victims of the conflict were denied the right to return to their homes while Jewish immigrants flow into Palestine, and, indeed, at least offer the threat of permanent replacement of the Arab refugees who have been rooted in the land for centuries. The degree to which they influenced the proposal is poorly known, since the meetings were kept strictly secret and all documents were destroyed. Truman great embarrassment. Truman reacted by making a strongly pro- Zionist declaration, which contributed to the defeat of the Bernadotte plan in the UN during the next two months.
Also contributing was the failure of the cease- fire and continuation of the fighting. Bunche eventually negotiated a ceasefire, signed on the Greek island of Rhodes. See 1. 94. 9 Armistice Agreements. Criticism. In July 1.
Bernadotte said that the Arab nations were reluctant to resume the fighting in Palestine and that the conflict now consisted of . Such an apology for aggression does not augur well for any successful resumption by the mediator of his mission.
A fourth leader, Emmanuel Strassberg (Hanegbi) was also suspected by the Israeli Prime Minister David Ben- Gurion of being part of the group that had decided on the assassination. A four- man team ambushed Bernadotte's motorcade in Jerusalem's Katamon neighborhood, consisting of Yehoshua Cohen, Yitzhak Ben- Moshe (Markovitz), Avraham Steinberg, and Meshulam Makover. The team left a Lehi base in a jeep and set up a makeshift roadblock at Ben Zion Guini Square, off Hapalmah Street, and waited in the jeep. When Bernadotte's motorcade approached, Cohen, Ben- Moshe, and Steinberg got out and approached the jeep, while Makover, the driver, remained.
Captain Moshe Hillman, the motorcade's Israeli liaison officer who was sitting in the leading UN vehicle, called out in Hebrew to let them through, but was ignored. Cohen came up to Bernadotte's sedan and fired through an open window, hitting Bernadotte and a French officer who was sitting beside him, Colonel Andr. Ralph Bunche, the American aide to Bernadotte. Both Bernadotte and Serot were killed. Ben- Moshe and Steinberg shot at the tires of the UN vehicles, while Cohen finished the magazine by firing at the radiator. The driver of the sedan, Colonel Begley, got out and tried to grapple with Cohen as he fired his last shots, but was burned in the face by the gun flashes.
Ben- Moshe and Steinberg then rushed back and mounted the jeep, which quickly accelerated down a side road, while Cohen ran away from the scene across a roadside field. At the same moment, I saw an armed man coming from this jeep. I took little notice of this because I merely thought it was another checkpoint. However, he put a Tommy gun through the open window on my side of the car, and fired point blank at Count Bernadotte and Colonel Serot.
I also heard shots fired from other points, and there was considerable confusion.. Colonel Serot fell in the seat in back of me, and I saw at once that he was dead. Count Bernadotte bent forward, and I thought at the time he was trying to get cover. I asked him: 'Are you wounded?' He nodded, and fell back.. I carried the Count inside and laid him on the bed.. I took off the Count's jacket and tore away his shirt and undervest. I saw that he was wounded around the heart and that there was also a considerable quantity of blood on his clothes about it.
When the doctor arrived, I asked if anything could be done, but he replied that it was too late. After a few days in hiding, they fled to Tel Aviv in the back of a furniture truck.
Bernadotte was survived by a widow and two sons, a 1. He was buried at the Northern Cemetery in Stockholm. The Israel Police, along with the military police and security services, investigated the assassination, but failed to identify any of the participants in the assassination, and the case was eventually closed without any of the participants having been identified. It has been suggested that the reasons for the failure of the investigation were poor coordination between these bodies, which resulted in information that may have assisted the police not being turned over to them, and the lack of proficiency among police officers and investigators in the early days of the Israel Police. They were found guilty but immediately released and pardoned.
Yellin- Mor had meanwhile been elected to the first Knesset. The first public admission of Lehi's role in the killing was made on the anniversary of the assassination in 1. Bunche was successful in bringing about the signing of the 1. Armistice Agreements, for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1. 99. 8, Bernadotte was posthumously awarded one of the first three Dag Hammarskj.
Peter, Minnesota, USA is named after him. Wife and children. They had four sons, two of whom died in childhood.
Gustaf Eduard Bernadotte of Wisborg (1. His widow Estelle Bernadotte remarried in 1.
In September 2. 00. Bernadotte had a daughter with actress Lillie Ericson- Udde (Lillie Christina Ericson, 1. Accessed: 1 December 2.